The International Color Consortium, in short ICC, is an international committee responsible for the standardization of colour profiles.
Since its founding in 1993, the ICC has aimed to create, promote and support the standardization and development of open, vendor-neutral, cross-platform colour management systems.
Further information is available on the ICC website.
“Intermediate Binding” workflow means that RGB image data is inserted into the layout during separation, and a colour space separation from RGB into the CMYK output colour space is not performed until PDF export to the print file. Today, intermediate binding is considered a classic workflow for fast, media-neutral layout.
In most cases, RGB layout data is output in PDF/X-3 or PDF/X-1a files.
Alternative workflows are Early Binding and Late Binding.
In the ISO 12647 the ISO norm for standardized printing. It shows the main cornerstones for standardized, color-accurate prints.
The ISO 12647 is divided into 8 sections:
The authorities responsible for the proofing requirements are therefore in the standard ISO 12647-7. The year after the colon refers to the year of the current valid version of the standard. The ISO 12647-8 for the Validation Print was so last updated in 2012.
ISOcoatedv2 is the most common color profile used in the printing industry in Europe. It represents the most common printing methods: offset printing on matte or glossy coated paper. It is no wonder that most printers presuppose the ISOcoatedv2 profile for prints. ISOcoatedv2 is valid for both glossy and matte photo paper, since the two papers hardly differ in color.
The online printing companies that have to perform time-critical print jobs use a slightly modified version: ISOcoatedv2 300%. In this profile, the maximum ink unlike ISOcoatedv2 is limited to 300%. This ink limit enables faster drying of the paper, which promotes a faster post processing. Both profiles are based on the color space “Fogra39” and verified in the proof.
Currently, research is being conducted on the development of ISOcoatedv2 and developed. Fogra 51 (PSOCoatedV3) will replace in fall 2015 ISOcoatedv2 as standard and is currently in the beta phase.
As standard profiles as in Adobe InDesign or Adobe Photoshop in Europe the following settings can be used:
CMYK profile: ISOcoatedv2
RGB profile: eciRGBv2 or Adobe RGB 1998
Grayscale: “Dot Gain 15%” or “Black ink ISOCoatedV2”.
Also in the area of proofing, ISOcoatedv2 sets the standard. Service providers such as Proof GmbH in Tübingen create around 90% of all proofs in ISOcoatedv2.
The profile ISO Coated v2 consists of the following settings:
Black Length: 9 (application point 10%)
Black Width: 10
max. Area coverage: 330% (300% at ISOcoatedv2 300%)
max. Black: 95%
“Gamut mapping” option “setting: Stage 2
|ISOcoated_v2_eci.icc||ISO Coated v2 (ECI)||paper type 1 and 2, glossy and matte coated, Dot gain curve 1 (CMY) and 2 (K) from ISO 12647-2:2004||FOGRA39L|
Profile Download: http://www.eci.org
The IT8-Chart is a defined measuring field table which is used to create ICC profiles. This table has been declared in ISO 12642.