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Colour gamut

The colour gamut (or simply: gamut) refers to the range of all colours in a colour space that can be recognised (camera, scanner) or reproduced (printer, monitor) by a device.
It is visualised in the form of a colour solid.

Colour location

The colour location describes the position of a measured or selected colour within a colour space. This is often defined by coordinates, e.g. using L, a and b in the CIELab colour space.
The set of all the colour locations in a colour space is called the colour gamut (or gamut).

Colour profile

A colour profile stores the characteristic features of a colour processing device.
These can be scanners, printers and monitors.
With the help of colour profiles it is possible to see what kind of colour range a device can represent.

Colour space

A colour space is based on a colour model, and is its concrete application to a colouring method (printer, monitor, etc). It therefore contains all colours that can actually be represented through this method and the associated materials.

For example, sRGB and AdobeRGB are both colour spaces based on the RGB colour model. They can only represent a portion of the colours theoretically defined by the RGB model.

Gamut

The gamut (also colour gamut) refers to the range of all colours in a colour space that can be recognised (camera, scanner) or reproduced (printer, monitor) by a device.
It is visualised in the form of a colour solid.

Gamut mapping

The conversion of colour values from one colour space (e.g. sRGB on the monitor) to another colour space (e.g. CMYK in print) so that the colour reproduction remains as consistent as possible.

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