A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W

Abrasion resistance

Abrasion resistance refers to the resistance of the ink on a printing substrate to friction.
The decisive factors here are the nature of the print (adhesion, density), the manner of friction (force, duration) and the hardness and roughness of the friction substance.

Absolute colorimetric

“Absolute colorimetric” (also known as colorimetric) is one of four rendering intents in gamut mapping.

When converting from a larger colour space to a smaller colour space, all displayable colours, including the white point, of the original colour space are directly transferred to the destination colour space.
Any colours that lie outside the destination colour space are positioned at its edge (Clipping).

This method is particularly suitable for the most accurate colour reproduction of spot colours with CMYK or for digital proofs, as long as the colour spaces are of similar size.

Adobe PDF Print Engine

The Adobe PDF Print Engine – APPE – is a software platform of ADOBE, specializing in the processing of PDF files and print rendering. It follows the widespread PostScript Level III print language or CPSI (Configurable PostScript Interpreter).

Currently, the version 3 of the Adobe PDF Print Engine is available, which was extended by the Mercury RIP architecture. By parallel processing, the engine is able to process on a modern quad-core system four instances of APPE simultaneously on the same PDF file, resulting in a much faster ripping process. In large RIP environments, four computers each with four processor cores can work at the same time on a PDF file.

According to Adobe, the APPE RIP is the fastest available technology. Using PDF / X-4 customer data, we at Proof GmbH observed some absurd long calculation times (3.75 hours for one page with the APPE 2.5 in two parallel instances), which has been referred to by Adobe as “normal” because of the complexity of the file processed.

Unlike PostScript Level III the APPE does not support PostScript. A PostScript file must be converted to a PDF file first in order to be processed by the APPE.

Altona Test Suite

The Altona Test Suite is a test equipment package for printers and prepress companies. In the current version it includes the Roman16 reference images, different test forms for different applications (technical test forms, visual test forms etc.), reference prints for all test forms, ICC profiles, reference data of all test forms and technical documentation.

With the Altona Test Suite, companies can easily and precisely control the colour reproduction of all print-relevant hardware and software components within a printing company or prepress operation. It is published by the bvdm and will be available from June 2016 in Version 2+, which includes the innovations regarding Fogra51 / Fogra52 in addition to the classic ISO 12647 profiles.

Amber

Amber is a high white, uncoated paper made by Arctic Papier, which is available in different variations:

AMBER GRAPHIC
AMBER PREPRINT
AMBER VOLUME
AMBER HIGHWAY SUPER
AMBER HIGHWAY REGULAR

A Proof Profile is available for the following paper:

Amber Graphic

We would be happy to provide you with proofs for Amber Graphic. Do not hesitate to contact us.

Anaglyph

An anaglyph picture is a printed or screen displayed 3D image that can be viewed with special anaglyph glasses in 3D. These glasses are equipped with a red and a cyan or blue film before the eyes. The pictures are mostly in black and white, sometimes also colorful. The image for the left eye cyan and the image for the right eye is red, exactly opposite to the color of the glasses. The images are superimposed on one page.

Since each image disappears in front of one eye by the color filter, the result is a three-dimensional image.

 

Aniva

Aniva is a highly pigmented printing ink made by Epple, which achieves significantly higher colourfulness in CMYK mode than regular printing inks. They can be processed identically to regular printing inks, but they are much more colourful and lively than regular inks, so they have a noticeably wider colour range.

Aniva ICC profiles from Epple are available for proofing, which we can use for proofs on request.

Artbox

The Artbox is the smallest box within a PDF file. It covers the area to be used when importing the PDF file into another application. It is comparable to the size specified during the import of an EPS file.

Barcode

Barcodes are machine-readable codes. We are familiar with these codes on goods and books that are read by scanners in POS systems.

Bar codes are often referred to as EAN and GTIN, i.e. European Article Number and Global Trade Identification Number, although these are only two variants of possible bar codes.

Barcodes consist of so-called “modules”, as bar elements, which can be either white or black. In addition, there are often empty zones in front of and behind the barcodes, i.e. areas that must not be inscribed.

Different codes can carry different information. If the EAN, GTIN and ISBN codes are only numbers, Code 39, Code 93 or Code 128 barcodes can also contain letters and characters, and thus, for example, a designation can be inserted into the barcode.

Depending on the barcode, there is a comprehensive set of rules that ensures that barcodes can be read optimally. For example, it is important not to fall below or exceed certain sizes and to define minimum heights for the codes.

Discounters, for example, require proof of a certain quality of the barcode. For example, ALDI and Hofer want to have at least a “3B” quality in all test disciplines of the barcode on packaging for ALDI. You can also order such a barcode test in our shop.

Baseline grid

The baseline grid guarantees that the font lines in a document are at the same height in a layout.

Basic colour

The term basic colour is mostly used in connection with the Pantone Matching System. The Pantone colours – since 2014 a total of 1755 colours – are mixed from 18 PANTONE basic colours in different mixing ratios. The 14 original basic colours had a four colour extension  after the abolition of PANTONE GOE. These four new basic colours are PANTONE colours themselves, but are just as well used for mixing other PANTONE colours.

Bleed

Bleed or the bleed allowance is used in printing and prepress to describe the area that is still being printed but which is outside the actual print and is cut off at the end.

Bleed is important because paper is a medium that is never exactly 100% identical in the printing press, and these fluctuations increase in every processing step such as folding and stitching. If the data were delivered in the “plain” final format alone, a white margin would often be visible at the edge – sometimes at the top, sometimes at the bottom, sometimes on the right and sometimes on the left – which is caused by the offset of the printed image during printing and further processing.

Most printing companies do well with 3mm bleed, Flyeralarm can also cope with a tolerable one millimetre, sometimes the bleed specifications are also in between or – as for large displays and mega posters – much higher, as fabric or tarpaulin warps even more easily.

If in InDesign or other layout software or in imposition software auxiliary marks are placed on the PDF or the print data, then there are also bleed marks that indicate the inner area to which the bleed is applied and the outer area to where the bleed reaches maximum.

Bleedbox

The BleedBox is one of the five PDF boxes. It describes the part of the PDF, including the content and the bleeding. In printing a bleed of 1 to 3 mm is usually required. A PDF file with an A4 page for printing so usually has a Trimbox of 210×297 mm, the trimmed page format. The BleedBox has with 3mm bleed around the page the size of 216x303mm.

bvdm

Bundesverband Druck und Medien: The German Printing and Media Industries Federation (bvdm) is the central association of the German printing industry. As an employers’ association, political trade association and technical trade association, it represents the positions and objectives of the printing industry vis-à-vis politics, administration, unions and suppliers.

The bvdm is supported by nine regional associations in which the printing and media companies are organized as members.

Calender

Calender is the term used to describe several steel rolls, which are usually heated and between which materials are passed and thus “calendered”, i.e. smoothed, rolled, thinned etc.

In thermosublimation printing, the print is transferred from a transfer paper to the material to be printed on a calender by passing both of them through the calender in superimposed layers. Through heat and pressure, the colour pigments on the paper explode and the colour bonds permanently with the fabric.

Calendering is also called “satin-finishing” in paper manufacturing. Paper is mechanically smoothed between the calender rolls to produce coated or uncoated paper. Calendering takes place under very high pressure and temperature.

Calendered paper

Calender is the term used to describe several steel rolls, which are usually heated and between which materials are passed and thus “calendered”, i.e. smoothed, rolled, thinned etc.

In thermosublimation printing, the print is transferred from a transfer paper to the material to be printed on a calender by passing both of them through the calender in superimposed layers. Through heat and pressure, the colour pigments on the paper explode and the colour bonds permanently with the fabric.

Calendering is also called “satin-finishing” in paper manufacturing. Paper is mechanically smoothed between the calender rolls to produce coated or uncoated paper. Calendering takes place under very high pressure and temperature.

CAT

CAT is short for Cromatic Adaptation Transform.

Chromatic adaptation means that the human eye performs an automated white balance. Colour is thus perceived quite independently of the colour temperature.  The CAT algorithms are based on scientific insights into chromatic adaptation for different light and colour combinations.

CGATS

Committee for Graphic Arts Technologies Standards.
A standardization group that develops various standards for the US printing industry. The standards concern printing, colour conversion and much more.

Chromo board

Chromo board refers to a multi-layer type of cardboard with a coated, usually white front side and an uncoated back side. It is very resistant to bending, splitting and peeling and can be easily scored, die-cut or grooved.

During production, the front side is coated several times, whereby the top layer of chalk, pigments and binders ensures a smooth, glossy surface with excellent printability.
The mostly uncoated reverse side, on the other hand, is made of recycled pulp or bleached mechanical pulp, which makes it less printable but very easy to write on.

Chromo board is mainly used for packaging printing (boxes, book and brochure covers, etc.) but also for postcards, flyers or folders.
Chromokarton can also be used for archiving, as it is very light and age-resistant, if produced acid-free.

Chromo paper

One-side coated paper with excellent printability.

It is coated with a water-resistant, high-quality coating dispersion, whereby the surface can be both matt or high-gloss.

Chromo paper is preferably used as covering paper on puzzles, posters, displays or premium packaging, but also for labels or book covers and brochures.

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